A person with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) has end stage renal disease (ESRD) with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 15 ml/min or less. At this advanced stage of kidney disease, the kidneys have lost nearly all their function, and eventually dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed to live.
What are the symptoms of stage 5 kidney disease?
Bleeding and bruising easily
Increased blood pressure
High levels of urea in the body
Feeling noticeably fatigued or tired
Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting
Swelling, especially in the feet and ankles
Reduced mental alertness, increased trouble concentrating, or general confusion
What is the treatment for stage 5 kidney disease?